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History of Comic Books & Black Characters


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Brown, Jeffrey A. 2001. Black Superheroes, Milestone Comics, and their Fans. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.

Duffy, Damian, and John Jennings. 2010. Black Comix: African American Independent
Comics, Art and Culture
. New York: Mark Batty Publisher.

Foster, Bill, and Yoe, Craig. 2015. The Untold History of Black Comic Books. Idea
& Design Works Llc.

Foster, William H. 2005. Looking for a Face like Mine: The History of African Americans in Comics. Waterbury, CT: Fine Tooth Press.

Howard, Sheena C., and Ronald L. Jackson. 2013. Black Comics: Politics of Race and Representation. New York: Bloomsbury Academic

“Investigations: African American Comic Book,” PBS  

Lendrum, Rob. 2005. "The Super Black Macho, One Baaad Mutha: Black Superhero
Masculinity in 1970s Mainstream Comic Books"
Extrapolation. 46 (3): 360-372.

Misiroglu, Gina Renée, and David Roach. 2004. The Superhero Book: The Ultimate
Encyclopedia of Comic-Book Icons and Hollywood Heroes
. Detroit: Visible Ink Press.

Nama, Adilifu. 2011. Super Black: American Pop Culture and Black Superheroes.
Austin: University of Texas Press.

Nama, Adilifu. 2009. "Brave black worlds: black superheroes as science fiction ciphers."
African Identities. 
7 (2): 133-144.

Nederveen Pieterse, Jan. 1992. White on Black: Images of Africa and Blacks in Western
Popular Culture
. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Nelson, Scott Reynolds. 2006. Steel Drivin' Man: John Henry, the Untold Story of an
American Legend
. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Peoples, Betsy. “Integrating Gotham City.” The Crisis, May-Jun 2001, p.95.

Stromberg, Fredrik. 2003. Black Images in the Comics: A Visual History.
[Seattle, Wash.]: Fantagraphics.

University Of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Jackson State University, and Eye Trauma Studios. 2007. Other Heroes: African American Comic Book Creators, Characters And Archetypes: Art Exhibition Catalog. [Place of publication not identified]:

List of Black Superheroes
- Wikipedia


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