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Black Loyalist


Free Men of Colour and Choctaw Indian Volunteers at New Orleans, Louisiana, 1814 [Public Domain]

“Afro-Creoles in the Battle of New Orleans,” by Jennifer Gipson

The Battle of New Orleans - PBS

Cho, Nancy. “Savary, Joseph (? — 1800's),”

Foner, Laura. “The Free People of Color in Louisiana and St. Domingue:
A Comparative Portrait of Two Three-Caste Slave Societies,”

Journal of Social History, Vol. 3, No. 4, Summer, 1970, pp. 406-430.

Haitian Immigration: Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Sutherland, Jonathan. 2004. African Americans at War 1. 1.
Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO.

“Who Won the Battle of New Orleans?” by Justin Fox, Time Oct 21, 2009 

The Battle of New Orleans - [Wikipedia Article]

"Soldiers, Rebels, and Pirates" Haitian Immigration: 18th and 19th Centuries
in Motion, Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture

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