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World War I


"Some of the colored men of the 369th (15th N.Y.) who won the Croix de Guerre for gallantry in
Left to right. Front row: Pvt. Ed Williams, Herbert Taylor, Pvt. Leon Fraitor, Pvt. Ralph
Hawkins. Back Row: Sgt. H. D. Prinas, Sgt. Dan Strorms, Pvt. Joe Williams, Pvt. Alfred Hanley,
and Cpl. T. W. Taylor. 1998 print. Records of the War Department General and Special.
(165-WW-127-8) [Public Domain]

Barbeau, Arthur E., and Florette Henri. 1996. The Unknown Soldiers:
African-American Troops In World War I
. New York: Da Capo Press.

Hazen, Walter A. 2004. American Black History. St. Louis, Mo: Milliken.

Lanning, Michael Lee. 2004. The African-American Soldier: From Crispus
Attucks to Colin Powell
New York, N.Y.: Kensington Publishing Corp.

Morris, Robert V. 2011. Black Faces Of War A Legacy Of Honor From
The American Revolution To Today
Minneapolis, MN: Zenith Press.

Roberts, Frank E. 2004. The American Foreign Legion: Black Soldiers of
the 93d in World War I
Annapolis, Md: Naval Institute Press.

Salter, Krewasky A. 2003. Combat Multipliers African-American Soldiers in
Four Wars
. Fort Leavenworth, Kan: Combat Studies Institute Press.

Sutherland, Jonathan D. 2003. African Americans at War: An
Encyclopedia Vol. 1

Sweeney, W. Allison. 1919. History Of The American Negro In The Great
World War: His Splendid Record In The Battle Zones Of Europe
S.l: s.n.


Ahmet Ali Çelikten - [Wikipedia Article]

Garner, Carla W. “Bullard, Eugene Jacques (1894-1961),”

Eugene Jacques Bullard - National Museum of U.S. Air Force


Harlem Hellfighters – [Min: 6:56]

The Harlem Hellfighters – [Min: 4:04]

Harlem Hell Fighters among first Americans in World War One – [17 Videos]

Harlem Hellfighters Homecoming – [Min: 2:56]

(1917-18) WW1 - African American Soldiers in France – [Min: 8:00]

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