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Blacks in Nazi Germany


Berenbaum, Michael, and Abraham J. Peck. 2002. The Holocaust and History: The Known, the Unknown, the Disputed, and the Reexamined. Bloomington [u.a.]: Indiana Univ. Press.

Lusane, Clarence. 2003. Hitler's Black Victims: The Historical Experiences of Afro-Germans, European Blacks, Africans, and African Americans in the Nazi Era. New York: Routledge.

Massaquoi, Hans J. 1999. Destined To Witness: Growing Up Black In Nazi Germany. New York: W. Morrow.

Poddar, Prem, Rajeev S. Patke, and Lars Jensen. 2008. A Historical Companion to Postcolonial Literatures Continental Europe and Its Empires. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press

Scheck, Raffael. 2006. Hitler's African Victims: The German Army Massacres of Black French Soldiers in 1940. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.




Chimbelu, Chiponda, “The fate of blacks in Nazi Germany”

Eugen Fischer from Heidegger’s Racialist Friend

Fischer, Audrey. “Growing Up Black in Nazi Germany The Remarkable Life of Hans Massaquoi,” from the Library of Congress

Leidig, Michael. “First memorial to black victims of Nazi genocide,” The Observer, Sunday 16 September 2007 [in Vienna]

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Wirth, Nikolaus. “Massaquoi, Hans-Jürgen” from


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