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Rehabilitation Client and Wife with One Day's Tomato Pick
off Coast of Beaufort, South Carolina, NYPL Image ID: 1260136 [Public Domain]



Ficara, John Francis, and Juan Williams. 2006. Black Farmers in America. Lexington: Univ. Press of Kentucky.

Finkelman, Paul. 2009. Encyclopedia Of African American History, 1896 To The Present : From The Age Of Segregation To The Twenty-First Century Vol. 1 Vol. 1. Oxford [u.a.]: Oxford Univ. Press.

Gilbert, Charlene, and Quinn Eli. 2000. Homecoming: The Story Of African-American Farmers. Boston: Beacon Press.

Guyette, Elise A. 2010. Discovering Black Vermont: African American Farmers in Hinesburgh, 1790-1890. Burlington, Vt: University of Vermont Press.

Hurt, Ray Douglas. 2002. American Agriculture: A Brief History. West Lafayette, Ind: Purdue Univ. Press.

Stewart, James B. 1995. Blacks in Rural America. New Brunswick u.a: Transaction Publ.

Vincent, Stephen A. 1999. Southern Seed, Northern Soil: African-American Farm Communities In The Midwest, 1765 - 1900. Bloomington, Ind. [u.a.]: Indiana Univ. Press.



Black African American Farmers History in America
A Legacy of Landownersh -
[Video Min 56:28]

Black Farmers and Agriculturalists Association

“BFAA (Black Farmers and Agriculturalists Association) is a non-profit organization created to respond to the issues and concerns of Black farmers in the U.S. and abroad. Formed in 1997, the organization boasts a membership of over 1,500 farmers nationwide, and 21 state chapters.”

The Black Farmers and Urban Gardeners Conference
“. . . is presented by Black Urban Growers (BUGS), an organization of volunteers committed to building networks and community support for growers in both urban and rural settings.  Through education and advocacy around food and farm issues, we nurture collective black leadership to ensure we have a seat at the table.”

Black Farming & Land Loss: A History
“From the newly freed slaves of 1863 to today's black farmers, African-Americans have fought to acquire and maintain land, and have encountered
crippling obstacles along the way”

In re Black Farmers Discrimination Litigation Settlement
Has various links to articles about black farmers

Miles Henry Davis [Wikipedia Article]


Caribbean Farmers


Beckford, Clinton L., and Donovan R. Campbell. 2013. Domestic Food Production And Food Security In The Caribbean: Building Capacity And Strengthening Local Food Production Systems. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Kleysen, Brenda. 1996. Women Small Farmers In The Caribbean. San José, Costa Rica: Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture.


The Caribbean Farmers Network
“The Caribbean Farmers Network (CaFAN), formed in 2004, is a regional network of Farmers' Associations and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in the Caribbean. CaFAN's major focus is to foster linkages, training and information sharing amongst Caribbean farmers so that they are in a better position to respond to the key challenges facing the agricultural sector in the Caribbean.”


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