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Lagos Nigeria, 2012
[photo by Jrobin08]


Ankerl, Géza. 1986. Urbanization Overspeed in Tropical Africa, 1970-2000: Facts, Social Problems, and Policy. Geneva, Switzerland: INU Press.

Auclair, Christine. 2005. Urbanization Challenges in Sub-Saharan Africa. Nairobi, Kenya: UN-HABITAT.

Beall, Jo, Owen Crankshaw, and Sue Parnell. 2002. Uniting a Divided City: Governance and Social Exclusion in Johannesburg. London: Earthscan Publications.

Brunn, Stanley D., Maureen Hays-Mitchell, Donald J. Zeigler, and Ellen R. White. 2008. Cities of the World: World Regional Urban Development. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Dutt, Ashok K., and Baleshwar Thakur. 2007. City, Society, and Planning: Essays in Honour of Professor A.K. Dutt. New Delhi: Concept Pub. Co.

Falola, Toyin, and Steven J. Salm. 2004. Globalization and Urbanization in Africa.
Trenton, NJ: Africa World Press.

Freund, Bill. 2007. The African City: A History. Cambridge [England]: Cambridge University Press.

Goodwin, Stefan. 2006. Africa's Legacies of Urbanization: Unfolding Saga of a Continent. Lanham, MD: Lexington Books.

Gugler, Josef, and William G. Flanagan. 1978. Urbanization and Social Change in West Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Leman, Antony. 1993. "The Apartheid City and Beyond: Urbanization and Social Change in South Africa". Urban Studies. 30 (1): 206-208.

Locatelli, Francesca, and Paul Nugent. 2009. African Cities: Competing Claims on Urban Spaces. Leiden: Brill.

Smith, David Marshall. 1992. The Apartheid City and Beyond: Urbanization and Social Change in South Africa. London: Routledge.

Tostensen, Arne, Inge Tvedten, and Mariken Vaa. 2001. Associational Life in African Cities: Popular Responses to the Urban Crisis. Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet.

Africa’s Ghost Cities

Angola's $3.5 Billion Chinese Built Ghost Town [Min: 2:55]

Chinese-built Angolan city feels like a ghost town CNN [Min: 2:55]

Ghost Cities in China - Africa - Agenda 21? [Min: 13:16]

Increasing Rate of Urbanisation in Africa [Min: 7:28]



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