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"Wade in the Water," Postcard of a river baptism in New Bern,North Carolina
near the turn of the 20th century. [Public Domain]



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Africa


The Story of Africa Traditional Religions
"Religion has always been central to people's lives in Africa. Although the majority of Africans are now Muslim or Christian, traditional religions have endured and still play a big role. Religion runs like a thread through daily life, marked by prayers of gratitude in times of plenty and prayers of supplication in times of need. Religion confirms identity on the individual and the group.."
http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/index_section6.shtml

Suolair African South of the Sahara Religion in Africa
Has a list various religions in African
http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/africa/religion.html


African Traditional Religion
has a list various African religious topic
http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/africa/religion/african-traditional-religion.html

Sacred Text - African Religion
"Ultimately, we are all Africans. Studies of mitochondrial DNA have proven that all human beings are descended from a small population (less than a hundred individuals) that emerged from Africa about 60,000 years ago. The earliest written religious texts as well as the first documented monotheistic religion also developed in Africa. During the European dark ages, many ancient manuscripts were preserved in African libraries in places such as Ethiopia and Timbuctoo. This section has texts on the traditional spirituality of Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as their descendants in the New World."
http://www.sacred-texts.com/afr/

African-American

AARDOC-African-American Religion: A Documentary History Project
“African-American Religion: A Documentary History Project was founded in 1987 and is headquartered at Amherst College. Its goal is to produce a comprehensive history of African-American religion, from the earliest African-European encounters along the west coast of Africa in the mid-fifteenth century to the present day. This history will be presented in a three-part, multi-volume series that will include representative documents and interpretive commentary. This work, provisionally titled African-American Religion: A Historical Interpretation with Representative Documents, is under contract to the University of Chicago Press and will begin appearing in 2010.”
http://www3.amherst.edu/~aardoc/

African American Religious Experience
(Encyclopedia of Religion and Society by William H. Swatos, Jr. Editor)
“Many scholars have debated the extent to which African American religion draws upon African religion in its diverse forms. Despite the presence of Africanisms in African American religion, such as the call-and-response pattern characteristic of black preaching, it is evident that no single African culture or religion could have been diffused intact to North America. African religious concepts and rituals, such as ancestor worship, initiation rites, spirit possession, healing and funeral rituals, magical rituals for obtaining spiritual power, and ecstatic ceremonies enlivened by rhythmic dancing, drumming, and singing, are found in African American religion but generally in syncretized ways, blended with diverse European American elements.”
http://hirr.hartsem.edu/ency/african.htm


Sacred Text - African Religion
"Ultimately, we are all Africans. Studies of mitochondrial DNA have proven that all human beings are descended from a small population (less than a hundred individuals) that emerged from Africa about 60,000 years ago. The earliest written religious texts as well as the first documented monotheistic religion also developed in Africa. During the European dark ages, many ancient manuscripts were preserved in African libraries in places such as Ethiopia and Timbuctoo. This section has texts on the traditional spirituality of Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as their descendants in the New World."
http://www.sacred-texts.com/afr/



Buddhism

Almond, Philip C. 1988. The British discovery of Buddhism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Caribbean

Center For Caribbean Religion and Culture (CCRC)
"The CCRC is a non-profit religious organization that serves as a bridge of
support to various religious organizations in the Caribbean."
http://theccrc.org/Home_Page.html

Edmonds, Ennis Barrington, and Michelle A. Gonzalez. 2010. Caribbean Religious History an Introduction. New York: New York University Press.

Sacred Text - African Religion
"Ultimately, we are all Africans. Studies of mitochondrial DNA have proven that all human beings are descended from a small population (less than a hundred individuals) that emerged from Africa about 60,000 years ago. The earliest written religious texts as well as the first documented monotheistic religion also developed in Africa. During the European dark ages, many ancient manuscripts were preserved in African libraries in places such as Ethiopia and Timbuctoo. This section has texts on the traditional spirituality of Sub-Saharan Africa, as well as their descendants in the New World."
http://www.sacred-texts.com/afr/


Islam

Blackpast Islam
Has link to various articles dealing with Islam
http://www.blackpast.org/?q=search/node/Islam

The Story Africa Islam
“According to Arab oral tradition, Islam first came to Africa with Muslim refugees fleeing persecution in the Arab peninsula. This was followed by a military invasion, some seven years after the death of the prophet Mohammed in 639, under the command of the Muslim Arab General, Amr ibn al-Asi. It quickly spread West from Alexandria in North Africa (the Maghreb), reducing the Christians to pockets in Egypt, Nubia and Ethiopia.”
http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/africa/features/storyofafrica/index_section7.shtml

Islam in Africa
http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/africa/religion/islam-in-africa.html

 

Judaism

Blackpast Islam
Has link to various articles dealing with Judaism
http://www.blackpast.org/?q=search/node/Judaism

Suolair African South of the Sahara Religion in Africa
Has a list various Judaism topics
http://www-sul.stanford.edu/depts/ssrg/africa/religion.html


Ethiopian Jews

The History of Ethiopian Jews
http://www.jewishfederations.org/page.aspx?id=791

Israel Society & Culture:  Ethiopian Jews
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/ejtoc.html


Lemba Jews

A. B. Spurdle and T. Jenkins. The origins of the Lemba "Black Jews" of southern Africa:
Evidence from p12F2 and other Y-chromosome markers.

American Journal of Human Genetic. November 1996, Vol.59, No.5, pgs.1126–1133.

Lemba tribe in southern Africa has Jewish roots, genetic tests reveal http://www.worldjewishcongress.org/en/news/9096/lemba_tribe_in_southern_africa_has_jewish_roots_genetic_tests_reveal

Lemba (Zimbabwe, Malawi, South Africa)
http://www.shavei.org/category/communities/other_communities/africa/lemba-zimbabwe-malawi-south-africa/?lang=en

PBS Article - The Lemba, The Black Jews of Southern Africa
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/israel/familylemba.html

Zimbabwe’s “Black Jews” The Lemba People
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Judaism/Lemba_Jews.html





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